Islands have been ideal places for unique species to evolve. They are also places of concentrated extinction because these species are limited to the island or a particular part of the island and have low population numbers.
Natural factors such as disease, fire, storms and normal population fluctuations contribute to the extinction of the species. However, wildlife extinction is compounded by human involvement, with deforestation caused by rapid development being a key contributor. Deforestation is also the second leading cause of global warming that is linked to extreme weather fluctuations and flooding, of which there has been an increase in Langkawi.
The Wildlife for the Future programmes aims to protect and restore the natural heritage of the island using a holistic approach and responsible management.
In the last hundred years, Langkawi has lost nearly 50% of its natural wildlands with the remaining 50% fragmented into six ecological zones. This programme aims to mitigate the effects of fragmentation by identifying and establishing a network of ‘wildlife corridors’ that enable the safe migration of arboreal wildlife between the fragmented wildlands.
This initiative aims to combat the effects of deforestation through the replanting of trees. A native tree nursery has been established at The Datai Langkawi. Once the trees are of suitable size and age, they are replanted as part of reforestation projects across the island.
Reducing the negative impact of human behaviour on wildlife habitats can only be achieved through creating awareness via education. This programme aims to educate and encourage all local stakeholders, including local authorities, farmers, schools, hotels and local businesses, of their role in reforesting, protecting and conserving the island’s rich natural heritage.